仿真调试

官网英文原文地址:http://dev.px4.io/simulation-debugging.html

As the simulation is running on the host machine, all the desktop development tools are available.

CLANG Address Sanitizer (Mac OS, Linux)

The Clang address sanitizer can help to find alignment (bus) errors and other memory faults like segmentation fauls. The command below sets the right compile options.

shmake clean # only required on first address sanitizer run after a normal buildMEMORY_DEBUG=1 make posix jmavsim

Valgrind

shbrew install valgrind

or

shsudo apt-get install valgrind

Start combinations

SITL can be launched with and without debugger attached and with either jMAVSim or Gazebo as simulation backend. This results in the start options below:

make posix_sitl_default jmavsimmake posix_sitl_default jmavsim___gdbmake posix_sitl_default jmavsim___lldb

make posix_sitl_default gazebomake posix_sitl_default gazebo___gdbmake posix_sitl_default gazebo___lldb

make posix_sitl_lpe jmavsimmake posix_sitl_lpe jmavsim___gdbmake posix_sitl_lpe jmavsim___lldb

make posix_sitl_lpe gazebomake posix_sitl_lpe gazebo___gdbmake posix_sitl_lpe gazebo___lldb

where the last parameter is the <viewer_model_debugger> triplet (using three underscores implies the default 'iris' model).This will start the debugger and launch the SITL application. In order to break into the debugger shell and halt the execution, hit CTRL-C:

Process 16529 stopped* thread #1: tid = 0x114e6d, 0x00007fff90f4430a libsystem_kernel.dylib`__read_nocancel + 10, name = 'px4', queue = 'com.apple.main-thread', stop reason = signal SIGSTOP frame #0: 0x00007fff90f4430a libsystem_kernel.dylib`__read_nocancel + 10libsystem_kernel.dylib`__read_nocancel:-> 0x7fff90f4430a <+10>: jae 0x7fff90f44314 ; <+20> 0x7fff90f4430c <+12>: movq %rax, %rdi 0x7fff90f4430f <+15>: jmp 0x7fff90f3fc53 ; cerror_nocancel 0x7fff90f44314 <+20>: retq(lldb)

In order to not have the DriverFrameworks scheduling interfere with the debugging session SIGCONT should be masked in LLDB and GDB:

(lldb) process handle SIGCONT -n false -p false -s false

Or in the case of GDB:

(gdb) handle SIGCONT noprint nostop

After that the The lldb or gdb shells behave like normal sessions, please refer to the LLDB / GDB documentation.

The last parameter, the <viewer_model_debugger> triplet, is actually passed to make in the build directory, so

make posix_sitl_lpe jmavsim___gdb

is equivalent with

make posix_sitl_lpe # Configure with cmakemake -C build_posix_sitl_lpe jmavsim___gdb

A full list of the available make targets in the build directory canbe obtained with:

make help

but for your convenience, a list with just the <viewer_model_debugger> tripletsis printed with the command

make list_vmd_make_targets

Compiler optimization

It is possible to suppress compiler optimization for given executables and/ormodules (as added by cmake with add_executable or add_library) when configuringfor posix_sitl_*. This can be handy when it is necessary to step through codewith a debugger or print variables that would otherwise be optimized out.

To do so, set the environment variable PX4_NO_OPTIMIZATION to be a semi-colonseparated list of regular expressions that match the targets that needto be compiled without optimization. This environment variable is ignoredwhen the configuration isn't posix_sitl_*.

For example,

export PX4_NO_OPTIMIZATION='px4;^modules__uORB;^modules__systemlib$'

would suppress optimization of the targets: platforms__posix__px4_layer, modules__systemlib, modules__uORB, examples__px4_simple_app, modules__uORB__uORB_tests and px4.

The targets that can be matched with these regular expressions can beprinted with the command:


make -C build_posix_sitl_* list_cmake_targets
© PX4WIKI team all right reserved,powered by Gitbook该文件修订时间: 2017-05-03 05:50:05